Moved to Poverty? A Legacy of the Apartheid Experiment in South Africa
This study investigates the effects of the forced relocation of Black people to homelands during the South African apartheid era in the 1960s and 1970s. The research reveals that moving to these homelands during childhood significantly reduces educational attainment, labor earnings, and employment rates in adulthood. The findings suggest that exposure to poorer neighborhoods plays a crucial role in diminishing human capital attainment.
Carrillo, Bladimir, Carlos Charris, and Wilman Iglesias. 2023. “Moved to Poverty? A Legacy of the Apartheid Experiment in South Africa.” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 15 (4): 183-221.