Link to the article: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32624008/
The study looked at 436 adolescents starting at age 13 and followed up at ages 15 and 17. They studied the relationship between dietary intake, physical activity, and muscle strength. They found an increase in strength for male adolescents correlating with protein and carbohydrate consumption over the course of five years.
TL;DR Male adolescents gained higher muscle strength with increased protein and carb intake between the ages of 13-17, but this wasn’t found in females